Fortresses and Castles
Costanza Fortress of Pesaro
In 1474, work began on the Costanza Fortress of Pesaro, designed by the famous Dalmatian architect Luciano Laurana, and named after Costanza Sforza. The fortress, with its four-sided plan and steep circular towers at the corners, is located in the centre of Pesaro, a few metres from the sea, and can easily be reached from all directions. During the summer season, it provides the backdrop for events and shows.
The Fortress of Fossombrone
The Fortress of Fossombrone is located on the top of the Sant'Aldebrando hill, inside the boundary of the "citadel" (from which it towers over the entire community). It was one of the strong holds of the fortifying system in the Duchy of Urbino. Positioned in a site that enables it to monitor the Media Val Metauro and via Flaminia, this fortress belonged to the Malatesta and later to the Montefeltro.
The Malatestian Fortress of Fano
The Malatestian Fortress of Fano (or "the Fortress") is located at the northern corner of city walls which date back to Roman times, and it is presumed that one of its towers was originally part of these walls. The fortress as we know it today was commissioned by Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesti, appointing the architect Matteo Nuti to transform the previous structure in use in the 14th century. Work effectively began in 1433, even if the official date always cited for its commencement is 1438.
The Roveresca Fortress of Mondavio
The Roveresca Fortress of Mondavio, designed by the military architect from Siena, Francesco di Giorgio Martini, is one of the most interesting examples of architecture and design in the region. The majestic fortress contains a history museum with an armoury featuring pieces of artillery and a magnificent collection of armours and cold weapons, including several rare pieces and military instruments. A waxwork display in period clothing recreates snippets of daily life under Della Rovererule. Each year, on 15 August, an event is held in commemoration of the location’s history, featuring a procession, entertainment and a dinner.